Are you a first-time gardener and wondering where to start? Here are a few tips that will guide you on how to go about it.
The right garden site
For a garden to thrive, it must be in the right location. Your garden should be in the part of the yard that is easily accessible and where you can see it. When a garden is in sight, you are more likely to attend to it than when it is out of sight.
Let the sun guide you.
It is easy to pay less attention to the role of the sun in your garden or assume its sufficiency. Study how the sun strikes your yard before setting up a garden. Your plants should have at least 6 hours of sunlight every day for healthy growth.
Invest in soil.
Once you have picked the right spot, you need well-drained and nutrient-rich soil for your plants. You can invest in All-purpose garden soil, Miracle-Gro, among others. Whatever soil you need, you can get directions on how to use it and in what quantities to mix. The perfect blend will go a long way in supporting plant growth and yield.
Have water available.
A water source should be close to your garden. Make sure that you can run a hose pipe to the garden to efficiently supply your plants with water. Having water close by will motivate you to water the plants regularly. You can always push your finger into the soil to determine if you need to water the plants- if your finger comes out dry, pour some water on the plants. Be sure to water the garden in the morning before the hottest part of the day to avoid evaporation. The evening may not be as warm as day, but the soil is usually still hot from the day’s warmth. Therefore, watering in the evening may not always help the plants. In the morning, the ground will have emitted all heat and plants have a better chance of absorbing the water.
Choose the right plants.
Be mindful of the climate of the area and choose plants that are suitable for such weather. If you are planting a variety of plants, you must position them accordingly. Sun-loving plants should be planted in-line with direct sunlight, climbing plants next to plants that can support them, and heat-tolerant ones in the hottest areas.
When planting flowers, you might have to mix annuals- those that last a year, and perennials- they grow forever. This mixture will ensure that your garden is never empty and at the same time, allowing you to change flowers annually. In other cases, you may choose to mix crops that help control another plant’s pests. Do your homework and pick plants that can survive the climate and at the same time co-exist.
Feed the plants.
You have already started the feeding process by getting good soil and watering the garden. However, the soil's nutrients need regular replenishing. The type of plants in your garden will determine which nutrients you add.
Get the necessary tools.
Invest in the necessary gardening tools and broaden your collection as you progress. Gardening can be difficult if you do not have the tools for it. The size of the garden and crops you intend to plant will guide you when buying farming tools. Once you acquire the tools, store them in a self-cleaning, self-sharpening solution made of sand and mineral oil.
Mulching your garden improves the soil’s water retention rate and improves the plants' absorption duration. Crops with mulch are likely to produce a higher yield compared to those without mulch. You can use dead leaves and plants as mulch or visit the local shops for options.